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War Before Civilization

Author : Lawrence H. Keeley
language : en
Publisher: OUP USA
Release Date : 1997-12-18

Download War Before Civilization written by Lawrence H. Keeley and has been published by OUP USA this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1997-12-18 with History categories.

Offering a devastating rebuttal to the comfortable myth that prehistoric warfare was rare, harmless, and unimportant, Lawrence H. Keeley's groundbreaking "War Before Civilization" debunks the notion that warfare was introduced to primitive societies through contact with civilization. 16 illustrations.

Beyond War

Author : Douglas P. Fry
language : en
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2007-02-16

Download Beyond War written by Douglas P. Fry and has been published by Oxford University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2007-02-16 with Social Science categories.

A profoundly heartening view of human nature, Beyond War offers a hopeful prognosis for a future without war. Douglas P. Fry convincingly argues that our ancient ancestors were not innately warlike--and neither are we. He points out that, for perhaps ninety-nine percent of our history, for well over a million years, humans lived in nomadic hunter-and-gatherer groups, egalitarian bands where warfare was a rarity. Drawing on archaeology and fascinating recent fieldwork on hunter-gatherer bands from around the world, Fry debunks the idea that war is ancient and inevitable. For instance, among Aboriginal Australians, warfare was an extreme anomaly. Fry also points out that even today, when war seems ever present, the vast majority of us live peaceful, nonviolent lives. We are not as warlike as we think, and if we can learn from our ancestors, we may be able to move beyond war to provide real justice and security for the world.

The Moral Arc

Author : Michael Shermer
language : en
Publisher: Henry Holt and Company
Release Date : 2015-01-20

Download The Moral Arc written by Michael Shermer and has been published by Henry Holt and Company this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2015-01-20 with Science categories.

Bestselling author Michael Shermer's exploration of science and morality that demonstrates how the scientific way of thinking has made people, and society as a whole, more moral From Galileo and Newton to Thomas Hobbes and Martin Luther King, Jr., thinkers throughout history have consciously employed scientific techniques to better understand the non-physical world. The Age of Reason and the Enlightenment led theorists to apply scientific reasoning to the non-scientific disciplines of politics, economics, and moral philosophy. Instead of relying on the woodcuts of dissected bodies in old medical texts, physicians opened bodies themselves to see what was there; instead of divining truth through the authority of an ancient holy book or philosophical treatise, people began to explore the book of nature for themselves through travel and exploration; instead of the supernatural belief in the divine right of kings, people employed a natural belief in the right of democracy. In The Moral Arc, Shermer will explain how abstract reasoning, rationality, empiricism, skepticism--scientific ways of thinking--have profoundly changed the way we perceive morality and, indeed, move us ever closer to a more just world.

Culture And Civilization

Author : Gabriel R. Ricci
language : en
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Release Date : 2013-01-23

Download Culture And Civilization written by Gabriel R. Ricci and has been published by Transaction Publishers this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-01-23 with History categories.

This volume of Culture and Civilization focuses on cosmopolitanism, the global polity, and political ramifications of globalization. The introduction by Gabriel R. Ricci establishes context and provides an overview of the entire work. Topics include the history of globalization, climate change policy, ecological consequences of development, concepts of civilization, human rights, Eastern thought and economics, global citizenship, and travel writing. Within this collection, Carl J. Strikwerda argues that the first era of globalization in modern times was marked by global migrations patterns. Pablo Iannone’s history of the Andean oil rush and its ecological consequences looks at the processes of development. Brett Bowden argues that civilization entails both progress and war. J. Baird Callicott provides a philosophical analysis of a moral theory that accommodates spatial and temporal scales of climate change, Sanjay Paul analyzes the United Nations Global Compact, and Ed Chung discusses the role of economic theory in business schools. Colin Butler reflects on E. F. Schumacher’s "Buddhist Economics," while Taso Lagos relates parallel polis to the idea of global citizenship. Tony Burns examines the ways in which Aristotle, Hegel, and Kant have been interpreted. Finally, Adam Stauffer explores Charles Warren Stoddard’s work South-Sea Idyls. This volume of Culture and Civilization, the first under Ricci’s editorship, follows the tradition of the previous four volumes—developing critical ideas intended to produce a positive intellectual climate, one that is prepared to confront challenges and alert us to the opportunities, for people in all fields and of all faiths, of the twenty-first century.

War What Is It Good For

Author : Ian Morris
language : en
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Release Date : 2014-04-15

Download War What Is It Good For written by Ian Morris and has been published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2014-04-15 with History categories.

A powerful and provocative exploration of how war has changed our society—for the better "War! . . . . / What is it good for? / Absolutely nothing," says the famous song—but archaeology, history, and biology show that war in fact has been good for something. Surprising as it sounds, war has made humanity safer and richer. In War! What Is It Good For?, the renowned historian and archaeologist Ian Morris tells the gruesome, gripping story of fifteen thousand years of war, going beyond the battles and brutality to reveal what war has really done to and for the world. Stone Age people lived in small, feuding societies and stood a one-in-ten or even one-in-five chance of dying violently. In the twentieth century, by contrast—despite two world wars, Hiroshima, and the Holocaust—fewer than one person in a hundred died violently. The explanation: War, and war alone, has created bigger, more complex societies, ruled by governments that have stamped out internal violence. Strangely enough, killing has made the world safer, and the safety it has produced has allowed people to make the world richer too. War has been history's greatest paradox, but this searching study of fifteen thousand years of violence suggests that the next half century is going to be the most dangerous of all time. If we can survive it, the age-old dream of ending war may yet come to pass. But, Morris argues, only if we understand what war has been good for can we know where it will take us next.

Marriage And Civilization

Author : William Tucker
language : en
Publisher: Regnery Publishing
Release Date : 2014-02-03

Download Marriage And Civilization written by William Tucker and has been published by Regnery Publishing this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2014-02-03 with Political Science categories.

William Tucker documents the historical and anthropological story behind how monogamous, lifelong partnerships are the driving force behind the creation and rise of civilization.

Pr Histoire De La Violence Et De La Guerre

Author : Marylène Patou-Mathis
language : fr
Publisher: Odile Jacob
Release Date : 2013-10-03

Download Pr Histoire De La Violence Et De La Guerre written by Marylène Patou-Mathis and has been published by Odile Jacob this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-10-03 with History categories.

L’Homme a-t-il toujours été violent ? La guerre est-elle consubstantielle au genre humain ou est-elle inhérente à la construction des sociétés modernes ? Nourri par les recherches scientifiques, le débat sur le pourquoi de la violence n’en finit pas de rebondir. Il donne à la querelle qui opposait Rousseau (le « bon sauvage ») à Hobbes (« l’homme est un loup pour l’homme ») une actualité toute nouvelle. Pour en finir avec les approches caricaturales, Marylène Patou-Mathis propose avec ce livre une vaste enquête qui croise les données de l’archéologie et de l’anthropologie. Explorant les raisons qui ont transformé les chasseurs-cueilleurs en sociétés guerrières – sédentarisation et changement d’économie, avènement du patriarcat, apparition des castes –, elle pointe aussi le rôle des croyances et met en évidence l’existence d’une violence antérieure à l’apparition de la guerre. Ainsi se dessine peu à peu le portrait d’un homme préhistorique, dont la violence exprime surtout ses peurs et ses premières pensées existentielles : humain, trop humain. Marylène Patou-Mathis est l’auteure de plusieurs ouvrages de préhistoire qui font autorité. Elle est docteur en préhistoire, directrice de recherche au CNRS et vice-présidente du conseil scientifique du Muséum national d’histoire naturelle. Elle a également été commissaire de la grande exposition Au temps des mammouths au Muséum et conseiller scientifique du film AO. Le dernier Néandertal.